Conflict resolution – Environmental disputes
“Energy requires attention: Energy and natural resources are essential for companies to operate. They are therefore crucial for both States and private investors. Consequently the energy sector and the sector of natural resources are sectors where conflicts frequently arise.” – Johann Billet (Billet J., 2009, p.11)
The current Bachelor thesis has focused on contributing to a better understanding of how important environment and energy sources are for global economy. It also refers to their role in arguments. The centerpiece of this thesis is to give an introduction to the term “environmental disputes” and to explain the reason why such conflicts arise. The paper analyzes the different types of disputes, resolution barriers and how to overcome these barriers.
By means of case studies it provides practical overview of the essentials of dispute resolution when it comes to the energy industry and environment. The paperwork considers, among other things, the planning of dispute resolution clauses, the effective use of international arbitration, the management of largescale energy disputes, success and effectiveness in environmental arguments and overcoming the barriers of conflict resolution. It shows the importance of the topic and why there are constant struggles over different environmental issues between countries and organizations.
The thesis is organized as it follows. The definition of environmental disputes is presented at the beginning of this paper. A brief explanation of the possible environmental conflict types is provided in this part of the thesis. Afterwards the barriers of conflict resolution are discussed. Different barriers types are also outlined in this part of the paperwork. The fourth part of the paper explains success and effectiveness in overcoming these barriers. It also defines alternative dispute resolution (ADR). Some historical examples of environmental conflicts are discussed in section five. Different motives, statements and positions of the parties participating in these arguments are present in this chapter as well. The conclusion summarizes the results and rounds of this thesis.